Principles of Speech Writing 2. IV. This organizational pattern can also be used in a speech that discusses several sub-topics under the banner of a primary topic – just attack them all in a logical sequence. The learner proficiently delivers various speeches using the principles of effective speech delivery . Oprah’s early career was characterized by stints on local radio and television networks in Nashville and Chicago. For both professional and novice public speakers, however, there are five organizational patterns that can be used when developing a speech or presentation you'll deliver to a group of people, to give the speech structure and flow. In essence, the speaker introduces a problem, and then outlines how this problem can be solved. Speech organization is effectively taking the information one wishes to present and arranging it in a logical order. Western cultures tend to be more individualistic. The speaker must be mindful of the culture of the Speaker and Audience, ages, gender as well as social status, religious affiliation. A comparative speech outline about eastern and western cultures could look like this. The center column explains how the principle works, and the right column provides an applied example based on our sample speech about … u04d1 Speech Organization Principles and Argument Construction. This example illustrates the way in which a problem-solution oriented speech can be used to identify both a general problem (energy crisis) and a specific problem (incumbent’s lack of action). In early speech development, progressive gains in phonetic ability represent progress in multiple domains (e.g., sensory, perceptual, cognitive, linguistic, and neuromotor) all of which are ultimately conveyed through the speech motor system. [u04d1] Unit 4 Discussion 1 Speech Organization Principles and Argument Construction 1. Tip One One of the most common ways to organize a speech is chronologically, according to time. In other words, a causal organization style first addresses some cause and then shares what effects resulted. If you vote for me, I will ensure that renewable energy creation is a priority. Similar to a problem-solution speech, a causal speech informs audience members about causes and effects that have already happened. Briefly describe the differences between the various theories and practices of speech organization principles and argument construction. Slides and images are a great way of showing how the various speech elements fit together, and you should be sure to practice your speech so you're confident that all of the elements follow a logical pattern. The production department lays out the pages and manages pre- press work such as distilling the pages and processing colors. If you are giving a speech or presentation that contains several ideas that are interrelated in such a way that one flows naturally to the next, the logical pattern of organization can be used. Because “to err is human,” a mistake can work for you, because it allows you to connect with your audience. The problem-solution speech is especially appropriate when the speaker desires to promote a particular solution as this offers audience members a way to become involved. o Duration. Doing an audience analysis first is absolutely essential to making a great speech. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. In West Campus, dozens of dormitories provide housing for the University’s large undergraduate population and students can regularly be found lounging outside or at one of the dining halls. In South Campus, pharmacy, veterinary, and biomedical science students traverse newly constructed parts of campus featuring well-kept landscaping and modern architecture. The text concludes with consideration of the different genres of public speaking. Things can be described from top to bottom, inside to outside, left to right, north to south, and so on. 1. 3. We can help create a more stable situation if we work to produce renewable forms of energy within the United States. Arranging main points in chronological order can be helpful when describing historical events to an audience as well as when the order of events is necessary to understand what you wish to convey. University of Georgia (Spatial Arrangement). Some organization principles in early speech development Jordan R. Green andIgnatius S. B. Nip Abstract In early speech development, progressive gains in phonetic ability represent progress in multiple domains (e.g., sensory, perceptual, cognitive, linguistic, and neuromotor) all of which are ultimately conveyed through the speech motor system. Accordingly, the comprehensive understanding of speech development requires knowledge about age-related changes in speech motor performance and about … Learn principles a speech with free interactive flashcards. Choosing the Topic Timely Interesting to you (Speaker) and to the Listener/Audience Controversial Must be of the level of knowledge of both the Speaker and the Audience. When you speak about events that are linked together by time, it is sensible to engage the chronological organization style. It makes sense to use the topical style when elements are connected to one another because of their relationship to the whole. (solution), The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world’s problems. Thesis: The prevalence of the disease shingles led to the invention of a vaccine. Importantly, speakers using a spatial style should offer commentary about the placement of the main points as they move through the speech, alerting audience members to the location changes. Learn principles a speech with free interactive flashcards. In a non-professional venue, the audience will be on your side. (problem), III. disappears immediately after it is uttered. Choose at least three different organizing principles from the left column of Table 12.6 "Sample Organizing Principles for a Speech".Take the thesis of a speech you are preparing and write an applied example, similar to the ones provided about the First Transcontinental Railroad that shows how you would apply each of your chosen organizing principles to your speech. Thesis: There are a variety of differences between Eastern and Western cultures. Spatial patterns are suited for speeches about a country or city, or even a building or organization, provided that the organization occupies a specific geographical location, such as a hospital or university. Accordingly, the comprehensive understanding of speech development requires knowledge about age-related changes in speech motor performance and about … Choosing the Topic Timely Interesting to you (Speaker) and to the Listener/Audience Controversial Must be of the level of knowledge of both the Speaker and the Audience. The main points are linked together by the fact that they are all a part of the same business. This is a well-used and time-proven method to organize presentations for maximum impact. In a professional venue, don’t go in unprepared. Eastern cultures tend to treat health issues 
holistically. (problem), II. II. After deciding which main points and sub-points you must include, you can get to work writing up the speech. As the name implies, you'll be organizing the information in a logical manner according to topic. Doing the best at this moment puts you in the best place for the next moment. This organizational pattern is typically used in any speech addressing a subject from an historical perspective. In a topical speech, main points are developed separately and are generally connected together within the introduction and conclusion. Exercises. For instance, a speech about Oprah Winfrey might be arranged chronologically (see textbox). For instance, a speaker could discuss how singers Madonna and Lady Gaga share many similarities both in aesthetic style and in their music. When information in a speech follows a chronological sequence, then the information should likewise be organized chronologically. IV. Eastern cultures tend to be more collectivistic. In East Campus, students delight in newly constructed, modern buildings and enjoy the benefits of the University’s health center, recreational facilities, and science research buildings. Then, select the method(s) you will use according to your personal preference. Next, select the topic you will use for your final Unit 5 persuasive speech. I. While the chronological approach can be … Thus, clear organization developed in a formal outline is imperative. (cause), In 2006, a vaccine for shingles was licensed in the United States and has been shown to reduce the likelihood that people over 60 years old will get shingles. IV. In a chronological speech, main points are delivered according to when they happened and could be traced on a calendar or clock. Perception: Stop trying to be a great “public” speaker. Declare amnesty for the past. A causal speech can be particularly effective when the speaker wants to share the relationship between two things, like the creation of a vaccine to help deter disease. II. SIX MAIN PARTS OF A SPEECH OUTLINE Later chapters use the anatomy of a speech as an organizational structure. If your speech is well organized, the listener can use that organization as a framework to aid in remembering your message. The center column explains how the principle works, and the right column provides an applied example based on our sample speech about … The spatial style is fitting since the differences in architecture and uses of space are related to particular geographic areas, making location a central organizing factor. 8 Principles for Effective Speech Delivery. Colorado State University: Informative Speaking, Washington University: Patterns of Organization, Monmouth University: Comm 101 Organizational Patterns. For example, a speech on leaving a smaller carbon footprint could begin by detailing the problems associated with climate change. 2. In North Campus, one will find the University’s oldest building, a sprawling tree- lined quad, and the famous Arches, all of which are nestled against Athens’ downtown district. III. – Oprah Winfrey. The speaker must be mindful of the culture of the Speaker and Audience, ages, gender as well as social status, religious affiliation. III. The problem-solution organizational pattern is similar to the cause-and-effect pattern, but is typically used when the speaker is trying to persuade the audience to take a particular viewpoint. Speech errors come in many forms and are used to provide evidence to support hypotheses about the nature of speech. This article will show you how you can put these main points into various organizational structures. When you need to discuss the similarities and differences between two or more things, a comparative organizational pattern can be employed. Unless they are reading the speech during your delivery, the audience won’t know if you left out a word, said the wrong name, or skipped a page. The current administration has failed to invest enough resources in renewable energy practices. Speech production is a complex activity, and as a consequence errors are common, especially in children. People want to listen to someone who is … Second, you could compare these things element by element (e.g., color of each, smell of each, AND taste of each). Choose at least three different organizing principles from the left column of Table 12.6 "Sample Organizing Principles for a Speech". Moreover, this example highlights two kinds of solutions: a general solution and a solution that is dependent on the speaker’s involvement. It is also known as the elements' arrangement or dispositio, as in classical rhetoric. Life events (e.g., birth, her early career, her life after ending the Oprah Winfrey Show) are connected together according to when they happened and highlight the progression of Winfrey’s career. Organization design should start with corporate self-reflection: What … As you formulate the purpose of your speech and generate the main points that you will need to include, selecting an appropriate organizational style will likely become easier. CC-BY. III. The speech could also compare how two or more things are more alike than one might think. Shingles Speech (Cause-Effect Arrangement). http://publicspeakingproject.org/psvirtualtext.html, CC BY-NC-ND: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FEMA_-_1337_-_Photograph_by_Dave_Gatley_taken_on_03-01-1998_in_California.jpg, Shingles is a disease that causes painful, blistering rashes in up to one million Americans every year. If you wish to evoke an image of something that has various parts, and those parts are distinguished by geography, then organize your speech using a spatial pattern. This Code of Ethics sets forth the fundamental principles and rules considered essential to this purpose. These points could then be followed by information on how these problems have been or are being addressed, with a summation indicating a plan of action the audience can take. Uses principles of effective speech delivery in different situations. 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