Some natural fibre plants, such as hemp, are regarded to possess antibacterial activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria. The Hemp fibre or industrial hemp is obtained from the outer layer or the bast of the Cannabis sativa plant, more popularly known as that meant for producing marijuana or hashish. by Boris Hodakel The tensile properties of hemp fibres with mean fibre width of 67 [+ or -] 26 [micro]m were evaluated. Once the steam explosion process is complete, hemp is ready to be spun into yarn and woven into textiles. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. In addition, this type of fabric may also be used in a variety of hemp textiles. The physical and mechanical properties of these fibres are still being explored. Hemp may be known for its durability, but its comfort and style are second to none. The resulting fabric is stronger than cotton, softer than canvas, and is durable enough to last for decades. Hemp grows successfully at a density of at least 150 plants per square meter, and reaches a height of two to five meters in a three month growing season. This composition plays an important role in influencing the characteristic of the fibers. Blending hemp with other fabrics can make this textile softer while remaining durable. Hemp Today As a fabric, hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. It was, on the contrary, the psychoactive and medicinal properties of this plant that caused its cultivation to spread across Europe and Asia. From Hemp hurds, to hemp long fibers, there are literally thousands of products that can be made from hemp fibers. It dyes well, resists mildew, obstructs ultra violet (UV) and has natural anti-bacterial properties. Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Hemp Fiber-Unsaturated Polyester Composites Toughened by Butyl Methacrylate Tianshun Xie,a Wendi Liu,a Tingting Chen,a and Renhui Qiu b,* Hemp fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester (UPE) composites were prepared by hand lay-up compression molding. However, since much legislation around the world doesn't make a distinction between THC-rich marijuana and hemp, which has practically no THC, the global economy doesn't take advantage of the benefits of hemp to the degree that it could. However, the development of hemp fabric did not occur until the beginning of the Iron Age. Copyright © Past this point, manufacturers may use pulping to produce paper products, matting to make mats and fleeces, or steam explosion to render raw hemp into a weavable fiber. Products made from hemp will outlast their competition by many years. Environmental Advantages Hemp is an extremely fast growing crop, producing more fiber yield per acre than any other source. Innovative applications can be explored if they are incorporated in … Hemp fabric is particularly popular for use in towels due to its high absorbency and durability. Due to the porous nature of the fiber, hemp is more water absorbent, and will dye and retain its color better than any fabric including cotton. The 2014 federal farm bill permitted cultivation of industrial hemp for research purposes on the federal level in the United States, and more and more states are taking matters in their own hands and growing this crop for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the federal government. As a crop, hemp grows well in mild climates with high humidity, and Cannabis sativa plants are ready usually ready for harvest in mid-August in North America. Hemp is an annual herbaceous plant of the species Cannabis sativa, meaning "useful hemp." Hemp fiber is a lustrous fiber, has characteristic nodes and joints of linen, but the central canal is wider. Yarn made from this substance is woven into tight fabrics, and these fabrics may be used for a variety of consumer purposes. It is likely that they will eventually supersede cotton, linen, and polyester in numerous areas. Antibacterial Properties of Hemp and Other Natural Fibre Plants: A Review. 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In addition, only a small portion of the hemp produced in China is made into fabric; the vast majority is made into fuel, paper, or other industrial products. Hemp fiber is dark tan or brown and is difficult to bleach, but it can be dyed bright and dark colors. Not only is hemp strong, but it also holds its shape, stretching less than any other natural fiber. 9 likes. Production of this crop requires very few pesticides, and it does not require any herbicides. Results showed that hybridization with glass fiber enhanced the performance properties. Most cotton T-shirts start to warp, shrink, or fall apart after comparably few washes, but hemp T-shirts retain their shape and integrity for years and years. Since fibers from this plant are long and sturdy, hemp fabric is very soft, but it is also highly durable; while a typical cotton T-shirt lasts 10 years at the most, a hemp T-shirt may last double or triple that time. It can be used to make a wide range of products. Some estimates suggest that hemp fabric is three times stronger than cotton fabric. Hemp is also naturally resistant to mold and ultraviolet light. Questions? One of these properties is the thermal degradation at elevated temperatures. Products made from hemp will outlast their competition by many years. The stalks of the hemp plant consist of two layers: The outer layer is formed from rope-like bast fibers, and the inner layer consists of a woody pith. Hemp fabric is a type of textile that is made using fibers from the stalks of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp tow is used for stuffing or coarse yarn spinning and line fibre for higher-end applications such as clothing fabrics, furnishing and floor coverings. It is a high yield commercial fiber crop which flourishes in areas with temperate climates. Once the outer layer of bast fibers is stripped from the hemp plant, it can be processed and made into rope or yarn. References [1] Pickering K. Properties and Performance of Natural-Fibre Composites. Hemp blended with other fibers easily incorporates the desirable qualities of both textiles. However, female Cannabis sativa plants that have been bred for textile purposes are very low in THC, and they do not generally have pronounced, sticky buds. Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag from hemp.  • January 12, 2021 • 9 min read. Belas Ahmed Khan, a Philip Warner, b and Hao Wang a, * Intervention against pathogenic bacteria using natural plant material has a long history. This prevents hemp garments from stretching out or becoming distorted with use. The cells are blunt-ended when the fiber is viewed under a microscope. Effects of Alkalis: Hemp fiber has an excellent resistance to alkalis. While some hemp fabric purists may choose to use textile products that are made with 100 percent hemp, it is also common to mix this type of fabric with other textiles. 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